Discuss the discovery of the New World by Christopher Columbus. Describe in-depth each of his four (4) voyages. Who were the Arawak Indians?
Christopher Columbus was a navigator and colonizer who travelled across the Atlantic Ocean. He set on his journey way back in the fifteen century most of which was funded by Queen Isabella of Spain. He chalked out his plan in late 1400 and expressed his desire to explore to the Portuguese – a proposal that was rejected by them and accepted by the Spanish later. He set of his journey at a critical time when trade across Europe comprised mostly of spices. It was during this time that he successfully convinced Queen Isabella of Spain of his long plans across the Atlantic. He suggested that a westward route from Iberia to Indies could be more lucrative for spice trade for Spain than the land trade route through the Arabs, followed then. His journey across and through the Atlantic Ocean to Asia brought the American continents in the limelight. Columbus was later followed by the likes of Bjarni Herjolfson and Leif Ericson to America from Europe. He established contacts between the Americans and the European and later triggered of the process of Spanish colonization which signaled the colonization of the “New World”.
He set off on his first voyage on 3rd August, 1492 with three ships in tact with him, the Santa Maria, the Gallega and the Pinta. He sailed through the Canary Islands and after travelling for five weeks across the ocean spotted land on 12th October 1492. He called the islands The Bahamas and found the indigenous people hospitable, friendly, skilled and sharp. They were Lucayan, Tainos and the Arawaks. The Arawaks were the inhabitants of the borderline existing between Bolivia and Peru within the Amazon and Orinoco Rivers. They were known for their temporary stay at the first island insight and later leaving it, the reasons of which remain unknown even to date. By the time Christopher arrived, they were divided in various groups; the Lucayanos, the Borequinos and the Tainos. He also set forth to the northeast coast of Cuba and Hispaniola. He returned back to Spain on 15th March, 1493 where rumors about his newly discovered lands spread far and rapid. He left for his second voyage in September 1493 to discover new lands, and with around 1200 men to colonize the area.
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