Amazon Rain forest, largest one in the world, is located in Amazon River Basin in South America. The Amazon region approximately the “size of the forty-eight contiguous United States covers some 40% of the South American continent” (Butler) and includes parts of eight South American countries: Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, and Suriname, as well as French Guiana, a department of France.
Brazil, alone has lost such a large area of Amazon that if immediate measures are not taken, it is in danger of complete destruction. During the five years, between May 2000 and August 2005, more than 132,000 square kilometers of forest, an area larger than Greece has been deforested In Brazil alone and “since 1970, over 600,000 square kilometers of Amazon rainforest have been destroyed.”(Butler)
The major cause for the deforestation particularly in Brazil have not been the acts of local people but responsibility lies on the shoulders government officials and their policies, World Bank and its unsuitable projects, clearing of the forests in order to replace with commercial and industrial projects and lastly to exploit the resources of Amazon for commercial use.
All the above literature proves that Amazon is in deep danger of extinction and major institutions are responsible for the deforestation of Amazon rather than the local people.
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