Although there are a number of behavioral models, no organization operates exclusively in one. This is because of different trades that the companies engage in. service industry and manufacturing industries for example use different models because the nature of their products is completely different.
Several theories have been put forward to explain organizational behavior. They include the theory of contribution by Robert Owen, carrot and stick approach by Jeremy Bentham, the need hierarchy theory, expectancy theory, porter and Lowler model theory, Clayton Alderfers ERG theory, the equity theory, goal setting theory, reinforcements theory and Macleod’s theory of needs (Brown 1995, p.37) . All the above theories try to explain the various parameters that affect the morale of employees and how they influence their commitment to work.
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