Existentialism is defined as “philosophical movement or tendency, emphasizing individual existence, freedom, and choice that influenced many diverse writers in the 19th and 20th centuries.”(Encarta). Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, Søren Kierkegaard and Albert Camus are few of the famous Existentialist writers.
Modernism is defined as a “the revolutionary ideas and styles in art, architecture, and literature that developed in the early 20th century as a reaction to traditional forms”. (Encarta). However, Modernist literature and writing can further be defined as “Modernist literature is characterized chiefly by a rejection of 19th-century traditions and of their consensus between author and reader: conventions of realism … or traditional meter.” (Baldick). Modernist writers tend to reject the conventional way of writing that was widely used in the 19th century and try to open the minds of readers by providing newer more complex aspects to their writings. They also tend to place the settings of their stories into urban locations and emphasizing on diverse cultures and people throwing light on complicated forms of behavior and psychology. Few of the famous modernist writers are Joseph Conrad, Virginia Woolf, Marcel Proust, James Joyce and Thomas Mann.
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