Malaria is one of the most familiar and well-known diseases of today. Although it has a low mortality rate of 0.35% and has been nearly or completely eradicated from many parts of the world, it is by no means a disease to be taken lightly.
Approximately half of the world’s population is at risk of malaria, particularly those living in lower-income countries. There were 247 million cases of malaria in 2006, causing nearly one million deaths, mostly among African children (WHO). With its ability to evade many of the human bodies’ defenses and gradually transform into deadlier, more resistant varieties, it is a serious threat to both the lives and development of people living in and around several tropical areas of the world. Alongside the challenges that are faced by the various malaria eradication programs (that include drug resistance and human migration), ecologists at the University of Michigan say that climate change ‘cannot be ruled out’ as a factor that contributes to the rise in malaria cases.
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