Essay: Mind Body Distinction
The second argument in favor of the mind-body distinction is that the nature of the mind is understood to be something quite simple and complete so as not to be composed of parts and is, therefore, indivisible, while the nature of body or extension to be divisible into parts.
From this it follows that body and mind cannot have the same nature, for if this were true, then the same thing would be both divisible and not divisible, which is impossible. Hence, body and mind must have two completely different natures in order for each to be able to be understood all by itself without the other. Although Descartes does not make the further inference here to the conclusion that mind and body are two really distinct substances, it nevertheless follows from their respective abilities to be clearly and distinctly understood without each other that God could create one without the other (Wilson, 1972).
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