The last prophet of Islam, Muhammad was born in 571 AD in Mecca. He was the son of Abdullah and Amna. His father Abdullah had died a couple weeks before his birth during a visit to Medinah. His mother, died when Muhammad was six years old at a place called Abwa. After the death of his mother, Muhammad was raised by his paternal grandfather namely ‘Abd al Muttalib. Abd al Muttalib died when Muhammad turned eight and he was then looked after by his paternal uncle namely Abu Talib.
Muhammad’s ancestors, like his grandfather were influential people and Abd al Muttalib was the leader of the tribe namely Quraish in Makkah and was responsible for taking care of the Holy sanctuary ‘Ka’bah’. Muhammad was from the progeny of Prophet Ismail from the line of his second son Kedar.
As mentioned above, Muhammad after the death of all his relatives was taken care of by his uncle Abu Talib. It is said that, “Under the guardianship of Abu Talib, Muhammad (s) began to earn a living as a businessman and a trader. At the age of twelve, he accompanied Abu Talib with a merchant caravan as far as Bostra in Syria. Muhammad was popularly known as ‘al-Ameen’ for his unimpeachable character by the Makkans and visitors alike. The title Al-Ameen means the Honest, the Reliable and the Trustworthy, and it signified the highest standard of moral and public life” (Zahoor and Haq, p.1). Later on, Khadija who was a rich merchant widow proposed him for marriage because of his credentials. At the time of their marriage, Khadija was already widowed twice and was forty years old, while Muhammad was twenty-five. Khadija and Muhammad were the parents of six children. After the death of Khadija, however, he married Ayesha.
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