The activities that are run by NIC are diversified aiming at effective outcomes for the cancer research, detection, treatment and prevention. The most activities that are given priority are cancer concepts, clinical trials, giving cancer statistics and research and finding. These tenants work independently but linked together to enhance cancer efforts achievement.
The national cancer institute plays a central role in enabling the American cancer society to give the public and other stakeholders’ estimates of the number of new cancer cases and deaths expected in US based on NCI. At the NCI, the cancer incidence and mortality rates are age standardized to the 2000 United States standard million population. Based on this notion, NCI projects that a total of 563,700 deaths and 1,368,030 new cancer cases were expected in the US at the end of 2005. At the same time statistics provision indicated that incidences have stabilized amongst men since 1995 to 2000, but increased amongst females by 0.4 percent from the year 1987 to 2000. Further reports reveal that mortality rates have decreased by 1.5 percent per year since 1992 among men, but from 1998 it has stabilized among women up to 2000. Fortunately, the statistics show that death rates continue to decrease among men in colon and rectum, prostate and lung and bronchus cancer sites, while in women show decrease in cancer sites such as breast cancer and colorectal.
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