Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis of middle age characterized by degenerative and every now and then hypertrophic changes in the bone and cartilage of one or supplementary joints and a progressive draining down of opposing joint surfaces with consequential deformation of joint position more often than not without bony stiffening called also: degenerative arthritis, degenerative joint disease, hypertrophic arthritis. It is a non-inflammatory degenerative joint disease that takes place predominantly in older persons, exemplified by deterioration of the articular cartilage, hypertrophy of bone at the margins and modifications in the synovial membrane.
Osteoarthritis is accompanied by pain and stiffness, for the most part after prolonged goings-on. Osteoarthritis results from weakening of the cartilage in one or more joints. It leads to joint damage, twinge, and inflexibility. It characteristically affects the hands, feet, knees, spine and hips. As is said, osteoarthritis which is also nkown as OA as well as as “degenerative arthritis, degenerative joint disease, is a condition in which low-grade inflammation results in pain in the joints, caused by abnormal wearing of the cartilage that covers and acts as a cushion inside joints and destruction or decrease of synovial fluid that lubricates those joints” (Osteoarthritis, 2008). Because the the bone surfaces become under protected by cartilage, the patient suffers from pain upon bearing his own weight which can be inclusive of walking and standing.
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