management effectiveness refers to the success of the project (Hyva¨ri, 2006). Achieving projects’ success depends on people as people are the most critical project management resource.
In recent years, researchers have become increasingly interested in factors that may have an impact on project management effectiveness.
Burj Khalifa which is now the tallest structure on the crust of the earth has been a perfect example of Project Management as it was well planned and the resources were used in such an appropriate manner making it an epic success. Leadership behind the project played a vital role too as it ensured that all the employees working on the project remain focused and motivated and the resources were always there to be consumed for the project.
Leadership affects all facets of human enterprise. Though there are many definitions of leadership, each definition has different focus on leadership. Due to limits of the research focus we’ll use the definition, which highlights and reflects on the behavior of the leader.
Leadership according to Hemphill and Coons (1957), is a “behavior of an individual…directing the activities of a group toward a shared goal” (in Gregoire and Arendt 2004, p.396). Fiedler (1967) advances almost similar definition, as follows, “by leadership behavior we generally mean the particular acts in which a leader engages in the course of directing and coordinating the work of his group members. This may involve such acts as structuring the work relations, praising or criticizing group members, and showing consideration for their welfare and feelings”. Hersey and Blanchard (1993) defined leadership as the process of influencing the activities of an individual or group in efforts toward goal achievement in a given situation.
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