Each team has its own dynamics however, functional teams share these characteristics (Bodwell 1996, 1999); Full Participation, Trust, Open Communication, Clear Roles – By work function
Below are some of the roles needed in performing a certain task or project:
Initiator – Puts ideas on the table.
• Facilitator/Leader – Defines problem and sets agenda.
• Recorder/”Secretary”- Records all ideas with no other comment. It can also act as a timekeeper.
• Devil’s Advocate/Skeptic- Reviews ideas for potential problems.
• Optimist – Person who keeps a positive frame of mind and facilitates – search for solutions.
• Summarizer/Clarifier – Summarizes and clarifies results. Is often the same as the facilitator.
• Liaison/Spokesperson – Maintains contact with the instructor on behalf of the group. It could be the same as the recorder or the facilitator.
• Reflector – Does not participate in the group activities, but observes process and reports results to the group.
• Quite: Not participating, agrees to everything said by other members
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