Authority by no means entails power. But on the other hand it is believed by some that this is a very common consequence. As is said, “Every state has a number of institutions which exercise authority based on longstanding practices. Every state sets up agencies which are competent in dealing with one particular matter. All this is set up within its charter. The use of authority by contemporary social scientists is not dispute free. According to La swell and Kaplan, authority is formal power. But Friedrich rejected their definition and defined authority as the quality of a communication which is capable of reasoned elaboration. La swell and Kaplan believed that power is a form of influence whereas
Friedrich maintained that influence is a kind of power, indirect and unstructured. According to him, it seems of unlimited value to pursue a definition of authority as a special case of power or influence. Social Scientists are by no means agreed on how the concept should be used. According to Michaels, in the Encyclopedia of Social Sciences, authority is the capacity, innate or acquired for exercising ascendancy over a group. But Kiersten’s argues that authority is not a capacity, it is a relationship. It is sanctioned power, institutionalized power” (Authority, 2007).
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