Democracy is a term used to describe a number of related forms of government. The name of the term has been derived from the ancient Greek word meaning “rule by the people”. The most basic characteristic of democracy as understood by one and all today that it is practiced by having spirited elections. These elections usually require having freedom of speech, freedom of the press and media as well as a certain level of having the rule of law. But, the first and foremost characteristic or principle of having a democratic state is majority rule, which is usually adhered to by a number of states. Even though majority has power in a democratic state, minorities also enjoy a number of benefits as well as rights that cannot be overlooked by any government. Rights of minorities are always taken care of in a democratic state, even though some label democracy as autocracy of the majority.
Majorities, in a democratic state have certain authorities over others. As is said, “Majority rule is a means for organizing government and deciding public issues; it is not another road to oppression. Just as no self-appointed group has the right to oppress others, so no majority, even in a democracy, should take away the basic rights and freedoms of a minority group or individual.
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