Social movements are basically combined efforts of society to endorse or encourage change within their environs. The level of change supported or needed is different and at many levels envisaging many types of social movements, whether the movement is religiously oriented, political or student movements. Some movements are started to bring in radical changes, in fact, change the entire structure of the existing administrative setup, whereas some are moderate movements that work for changing only a particular segment of society or administration. The intensity with which changes are sought might be local, national or even international changes for social systems working towards changing certain attitudes, lifestyles or even religious practices.
Social scientists have dedicated substantial awareness and concentration to influences linked with the surfacing of social movements. It is generally felt that movements are born or are created when societies are experiencing different influences during periods of speedy social changes or upheavals They contend that” sizeable structural changing of the prevailing order” such as mass immigration to urban areas or large scale industrialization” are responsible for the disruption of existing social norms, and intensify the urge towards disruptive and rebellious responses, which are the fundamental reason for the breakups in society and consequently result in strikes, mob violence and the appearance of aggressive social movements).
Sometimes due to circumstances, social movements do not provoke exploitive or suppressive actions from the authorities because the regime itself is weak and battling crisis situation, or the social movement take place during times of increasing advantageous political changes or the movement is beneficial to the state itself. Moreover, social scientists have acknowledged the dearth of subjugation as connected comprehensive and international influencing factors. A very good example is that of the former Soviet Union took measure between 1985 and 1989 to initiate dialogue and relaxing of political authority and control (‘‘perestroika’’), which resulted in a spectacular increase in dissent oriented activities was a time of sharp disagreement and clashes which shook the entire social system
Violent revolutionary movements such as the Islamic Jihad, the Palestinian Liberation Organization, the Bolshevik and the Irish Republican movement mandate to change the entire existing structure of government by violence, preferably to bring in administrative changes that are compatible with their ideological or religious preferences. These movements breed violence, and the changes that they propose to bring in are basically to change the very basis of societies or even try to change the existing world order such as Al-Qaeda and the Islamic Jihad. Since these groups challenge the very core of any society, governments use all means that they possess including armed suppression to eliminate these revolutionary movements.